Wednesday, August 26, 2015

Was King James a Black European?

Some researchers believe that King James, was a Black European. The picture of King James suggest that he may have been a Negro.


Here is a page from the King James ,Works, of 1616.
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Below is a comparison of a fake engraving of King James.

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On the left we have the original engraving, on the right a reproduction. It is clear in this comparison that in the fake engraving the artist has rounded the face of King James and made his lips thinner.The face had to be rounded , and less like the frontal hook nose of Blacks,to make the nose longer and more European. 

In doing this the artist present more neck in the fake version of King James than is evident in the original engraving on the left. In addition in this fake reproduction, King James' ear is slanted to accomodate the rounding of the face.

In the original engraving King James moustache is pointing down. In the fake King James engraving James is given a handlebar moustache.

There are other fake paintings used to imply that King James was white. The original:

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The Fake King James cover:


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Below is an enlargement of the King James Leviathan cover.

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This enlargement of the King James’ Leviathan cover highlights the African character of King James. This picture compares favorably with pictures of other Africans/Negroes below is the picture of an Afar Sub-Saharan African.

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Afar man
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Saturday, August 22, 2015

New Video: Afro-American Origins: Black Native Americans





In this video learn about the Black Native Americans who contributed to the rise of Afro-Americans.

Saturday, August 8, 2015

Bernard ortiz de Montellano is a white supremacist

Bernard Ortiz de Montellano has written articles claiming that any Afrocentric researcher who says Blacks founded  civilization in Mesopotamia, the Olmecs were Black and there were Black Celts, these Afro-Americans are racists.

Montellano, when provided archaeological, genetic and linguistic data done by whites supporting the African origin of the Celts and etc., he acknowledges that the whites are just scientists, while the Afro-American researchers saying the same thing and citing these authors is called a racist. This double standard for white and Afro-American researchers prove that Montellano is a racist and a liar.



MacRitchie makes it clear the many early Britons were Black skinned. MacRitchies work is supported by genetics and archaeology. This was recently supported by the discovery of the "Bangled Lady". This Black woman was an elite in Britain in Roman times [1 ]. Africans were first recorded in the north 1800 years ago, as Roman soldiers defending Hadrian's Wall; many Britons continue to carry African genes [2  ].

Montellano should stop acting as if  the Sumerians and Elamites were not Black. The physical anthropology is supported by modern researchers.
Col. Henry Rawlinson , used textual evidence to determine that a link existed between the Mesopotamians to their ancestors in Africa .  Rawlinson called these people Kushites ( See:   Henry Rawlinson, “ Letter read at the meeting of the Royal Asiatic Society on February 5, 1853”, The Athenaeum, (No. 1321) ,p.228; and H. Henry Rawlinson, “Note on the early History of Babylonia”, Journal Royal Asiatic Soc., 15, 215-259). The Kushites were Black. There is a positive relationship between crania from Africa and Eurasia which shows the Kushite origin of the Mesopotamians  as claimed by Rawlinson. Modern researchers have confirmed that the ancient Mesopotamians were Africans. Ancient Sub-Saharan African skeletons have also been found in Mesopotamia [3 ]. The craniometric data indicates that continuity existed between ancient and medieval Sub-Saharan Africans in Mesopotamia [ 4 ]. Rawlinson, Dieulafoy, Tomczyk and Ricault are not Afrocentric researchers. If they can say the Mesopotamians were Black and not be racist, Montellano when he calls Afro-Americans who say the same thing racist, he was base his idea on his white supremacist views toward Afro-Americans researchers.
Bernard Ortiz de Motellano you are a liar,  a white supremacist and a racist. You lie to deny the history of the Black Native Americans. Montellano says that Kennewick man was not a PaleoAmerican that was phenotypically African, Australian or Melanesian.

Racist Montellano genotype and craniometrics complement each other. The fact remains that Naia's DNA was contaminated and Kennewick man carries the African haplogroup X. Moreover Kennewick man is more related to Africans, Andamanese and Melanesians, rather than mongoloid Native Americans craniometrically and genetically.


Racist Montellano you should read the Kennewick Man DNA article before you writte the garbage about the ancestry of Kennewick man. Kennewick man is recognized as a PaleoAmerican therefore he has negro ancestry. The researchers claim the Kennewick man’s DNA is mainly related to Native Americans living in South America, rather than North America except for the Colville people on the West Coast. The researchers wrote
quote:


“Despite this similarity, Anzick-1 and Kennewick Man have dissimilar genetic affinities to contemporary Native Americans. In particular, we find that Anzick-1 is more closely related to Central/Southern Native Americans than is Kennewick Man (Extended Data Fig. 5). The pattern observed in Kennewick Man is mirrored in the Colville, who also show a high affinity with Southern populations (Fig. 2c), but are most closely related to a neighbouring population in the data set (Stswecem’c; Extended Data Fig. 4c).”

The authors also noted that:

“However, the genetic affinities of Kennewick Man reveal additional complexity in the population history of the Northern lineage. The finding that Kennewick is more closely related to Southern than many Northern Native Americans (Extended Data Fig. 4) suggests the presence of an additional Northern lineage that diverged from the common ancestral population of Anzick-1 and Southern Native Americans (Fig. 3). This branch would include both Colville and other tribes of the Pacific Northwest such as the Stswecem’c, who also appear symmetric to Kennewick with Southern Native Americans (Extended Data Fig. 4).”


The Pacific coast Native Americans were a mixture of mongoloid and Pacific Island  Native Americans.

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The Colville tribe which the researchers claim is related to Kennewick man is a Confederation of Indians who did not die of diseases or were murdered by whites so they could take their land.

The Colville tribe is the name given to various Christian Native American tribes that lived at Fort Colville. They include Native American groups that were not exterminated by the whites. The twelve bands of the Fort Colville are the Methow, Okanogan, Arrow Lakes, Sanpoil, Colville, Nespelem, Chelan, Entiat, Moses-Columbia, Wenatchi, Nez Perce, and Palus. These remnants of Pacific coast tribes formerly mixed with the Black Native Americans this is obvious when we look at Ohlone people who lived in missions on the West Coast.

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From this painting you can see that the Pacific tribes,  often were composed of Native Americans of diverse ethnic character.
This means that the Colville tribes are probably admixed with the Black Native American tribes that formerly dominated the Pacific coast.

The authors of the Kennewick man DNA article,  like most European writers attempt to lie about the negro origin of Kennewick man, but,  the multivariate analysis of Kennewick man’s skull does not support their conclusion. The craniometric measurements confirm the negro origin of Kenewick man. The researchers wrote:
quote:


Although our individual-based craniometric analyses confirm that Kennewick Man tends to be more similar to Polynesian and Ainu peoples than to Native Americans, Kennewick Man’s pattern of craniometric affinity falls well within the range of affinity patterns evaluated for individual Native Americans (Supplementary Information 9). For example, the Arikara from North Dakota (the Native American tribe representing the geographically closest population in Howells’ data set to Kennewick), exhibit with high frequency closest affinities with Polynesians (Supplementary Information 9). Yet, the Arikara have typical Native-American mitochondrial DNA haplogroups30, as does Kennewick Man. We conclude that the currently available number of independent phenetic markers is too small, and within-population craniometric variation too large, to permit reliable reconstruction of the biological population affinities of Kennewick Man.

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Arikara

The California Indians below look identical to Melanesians. This is confirmation of the authors finding that Kennewick man looked like Pacific Islanders.
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Kennewick man carried mtDNA haplogroup X, this haplogroup is rare among United States Indians. This haplogroup is carried by Africans.

Amerindians carry the X hg. Amerindians and Europeans hg X are different (Person, 2004). Haplogroup X has also been found throughout Africa (Shimada et al,2006). Shimada et al (2006) believes that X(hX) is of African origin. Amerindian X is different from European hg X, skeletons from Brazil dating between 400-7000 BP have the transition np 16223 ( Martinez-Cruzado, 2001; Ribeiro-Dos-Santos,1996). Transition np 16223 is characteristic of African haplogroups. This suggest that Africans may have taken the X hg to the Americas in ancient times. This transference is supported by the haplogroups carried by Kennewick man.

Racist Bernard Ortiz Montellano  you can't handle the truth because of your white supremacist ideas about the inability of Blacks to travel to America, without the help of Europeans. Montellano your racism will not be accepted and overlooked. Racist Montellano stop trying to steal the history of the Black Native Americans.

Tuesday, June 30, 2015

Malinke-Bambara and the Mayan Languages

In Malinke-Bambara the word Ka and Kan means 'serpent, upon high,and sky'. In Yucatec we find that can/kan and caan/kaan means ' serpent and heaven'. The fact that both languages share the same homophonic words , point to a formerly intimate contact between the speakers of Mayan and Mande languages in ancient times.

Montellano mentions that in the Diccionario Maya Cordemex* Merida: Ediciones Cordemex (1980) we have the following

kan serpent

ka’an heaven

These terms correspond to Mande terms kan sky and kan serpent.

It is obvious the Mande and Mayan terms for sky and serpent share the same phonetic construction K-N .

There are many other shared Mayan and Mande terms. The Mande terms I will compare are taken from Delafosse, Maurice.(1929). *La Langue Mandingue et ses Dialectes (Malinke, Bambara, Dioula)*. Vol 1. Intro. Grammaire, Lexique Francais Mandingue).Paris: Librarie. Orientaliste Paul Geuthner

Often we find that Mande words beginning with /s/ , appear as /c/ ,/x/ or /k/ in the Mayan languages. For example, Malinke Bambara, the word sa means 'sell, to buy and market'. This is related to Mayan con 'to sell', and can 'serpent'. In Quiche we have ka:x 'sky' which corresponds to Mande sa / ka 'sky'. In Quiche many words beginning with /ch/ correspond to words they borrowed from the Malinke-Bambara languages possessing an initial /k/, e.g.,

  • Quiche Malinke-Bambara
    ch'ich' bird …………kono
    achi man……………. kye
    chi>ic bite…………… ki
    chhix rock…………… kaba

It is also interesting to note that many Quiche words beginning with /x/ which is pronounced 'sh', correspond to words borrowed from Malinke-Bambara with an initial /s/ e.g.,

  • Quiche Malinke-Bambara
    xab' rain…………… sa
    ixa? seed …………..si
    uxe root…………….. sulu, suru

Other loan words in Quiche from Malinke-Bambara include:

  • Quiche Malinke-Bambara
    saq'e daytime,sunlight ……………sa 'heaven, sky'
    k'i many………………………………….. kika
    ja lineage, family……………………. ga, gba
    ja water…………………………………….. ji
    q'aq fire ……………………………………ga-ndi
    palo lake, sea………………………….. ba, b'la
    k'oto to carve, cut………………… ka
    k':um squash …………………………kula, kura
    Ba father………………………………. fa
    Ba lord ………………………………….Ba 'great' (Person)
    ka 'land,earth'………………………… ka 'suffix joined to names of lands,etc.
    naal parent,……………………………….. mother na
    cah earth,…………………………………….. land ka (see above)
    balam jaguar/tiger…………………………. balan 'leopard worship'

    xuku? Boat…………………………………………, canoe kulu
    k'o:x mask……………………………………………. ku

    The loan words in Quiche from Malinke-Bambara show the following patterns
    a------->a c------->s
    o------->u c------->k
    u------->a z------->s
    x ---------s k------->k
    x--------- k p------->f
    q------->k ch------>k



Below we compared Yucatec and Malinke-Bambara terms. I have placed the page number where each Mayan term can be found in Maurice Swadesh, Critina Alvarez and Juan R. Bastarrachea's, "Diccionario de Elementos del Maya Yucatec Colonial" (Mexico: Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Centro de Estudios Mayas, 1970). The Malinke-Bambara terms come from Delafosse, Maurice.(1929). *La Langue Mandingue et ses Dialectes (Malinke, Bambara, Dioula)*. Vol 1. Intro. Grammaire, Lexique Francais Mandingue).Paris: Librarie. Orientaliste Paul Geuthner.

Phonetic correspondences exists between the Malinke-Bambara and Yucatec. There is full agreement between k, m,n, and t. There is also assimilation of c to k, z to s.

  • Yucatec Malinke Bambara

    z s
    Zuu, 'joined,unite su,' shape p.95
    Zul 'to wet' su, 'precipitation p.95
    Zou, 'to entagle' su, 'be i mixture' p.95
    Zay, 'assemble' se, 'join' p.94

    c k
    Earth cab ka p.15
    Serpent can kan p.18
    Rock chhix kaba
    To cause cal ku
    Sky caan ka p.15, p.38
    Village cah ka 'suffix joined to names of towns p.15
    Maize co 'grain of maize' ka p.40

    k k
    Sun kin k'le p.58
    Buckle kal koli p.57
    To kill kim ki
    Sky kan kan
    God, sacre ku ku, ko p.60

    t t
    Man ta' tye p.79
    Come tal ta p.79
    To cover too tu
    Law toh tu
    Truth toh tu, 'fact, real' p.81
    Forest te tu
    Male ton,'male sexual organ' tye, khon p.81
    Saliva tub tu p.82

    b b
    Went,gone bin bi p.36
    Water bak ba
    Water ha a p.15
    Lord ba ba
    Arrows been bine
    Balan 'jaguar'/tiger balan 'leopard worship' p.17

    n n
    Mother na' na p.66
    House nu nu
    House na nu p.66
    Nose ni nu p.16

    p p
    To be pe pe
    To break pa'a pe p.71


An examination of Mayan and Mande homophones also indicates striking similarity. There is a connection between Malinke- Bambara and Yucatec homonyms for 'high, sky and serpent'.

In Malinke-Bambara the word Ka and Kan means 'serpent, upon high,and sky'. In Yucatec we find that can/kan and caan/kaan means ' serpent and heaven'. The fact that both languages share the same homophonic words , point to a formerly intimate contact between the speakers of Mayan and Mande languages in ancient times.

Often we find that some borrowed Mande words beginning with /s/ , through nativization appear as /c/ in the Mayan languages. For example, word the Malinke-Bambara word sa means 'sell, to buy and market'. This is related to Mayan con 'to sell', and can 'serpent'. We also have other examples

Mayan Malinke-Bambara
[list]
Can serpent sa
Con to sell sa, san
Caan heaven, sky sa
Cah 'small village' so 'village, home'

The copying of Mande /s/ words into Mayan lexicons as /c/ words are probably the result of phonological interference of Mayan /c/, which influenced how Malinke-Bambara words were lexicalized by biligual Yucatec speakers. Interference occurs when speakers carry features from their first language over into a second language. Thus, we have Yucatec con 'to sell', and Malinke-Bambara san 'to sell. Many of the Mayan sites were first settled by the Olmec.

This is supported by the fact that the Mayan inscriptions from Palenque claim that the first ruler of this city was the Olmec leader U-Kix-chan. In addition, some Mayan kings were styled Kuk according to Mary Miller and Karl Taube,in "The Gods and symbols of ancient Mexico and Maya, said this term was also used in the Olmec inscriptions, like those from Tuxtla, to denote the local ruler of many Olmec sites. It was probably during this period of contact that the Maya began to copy Mande terms and incorporate them in their lexicon. It is time that we stop the name calling and work together to explain to the world the African presence in ancient America.

Many of these loan words are from the basic vocabulary. They support the hypothesis that in ancient times Mayan speakers lived in intimate contact with the Mande speaking Olmec people. Moreover this is further confirmation of Leo Wiener's theory in Africa and the Discovery of America that the religion and culture of the Meso-Americans was influenced by Mande speaking people from West Africa.

Thursday, June 18, 2015

The Mayan term for Maize is of Mande origin.



The Mayan term for Maize is of Mande origin. People have assumed that the Portuguese introduced Maize to Africa but there is no evidence that they spread the cultivation of Maize to Africa (Miracle,1965).

The first mention of Maize outside of Mexico by the Portuguese was in 1550, by Giovanni Battista Ramusio, who claimed that Maize was being cultivated in the Islands of São Tomé and Principe (Maize cultivationPaz-Sanchez,2013). Although Maize was being cultivated on the Islands, there is no mention of Portuguese introducing the cultivation of the crop to Africa.

The Mande term for Maize is Kan. In Africa crops introduced by the Portuguese was called manputo, ‘Portuguese grain’.
In Kaufman’s, Preliminary Mayan Etymological Dictionary, p.1057 See: http://www.famsi.org/reports/01051/pmed.pdf

quote:

  • %% MAIZE %%

    EM+GQ *k'uu=nhaah
    AKA k'unah
    AKA k'unah
    POP k'unhah
    POP k'unhah

Here we discover that Mayan term for Maize is K’unah.

In Delafosse , La Langue Mandingue et ses Dialectes (Malinke, Bambara, Dioula (1955) he notes on page 315, kâ (kan) is “maize”, in the Mande languages. It is obvious from a cursory examination of Mayan K’unah, and Mande Kan, that they are related, not only do they have the same meaning they also share the same phonetic construction K-N.

References:

Miracle, M.P. (1965).The Introduction and Spread of Maize in Africa, The Journal of African History, 6(1):39-55.

Paz-Sánchez, M. (2013) “Wheat of Portugal. The African adventure of maize”. Culture & History Digital Journal 2(2): e028. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/chdj.2013.028
http://cultureandhistory.revistas.csic.es/index.php/cultureandhistory/article/viewArticle/37/148

Wednesday, June 17, 2015

Do American Indians Look "Black" or Do "Blacks" look like American Indians?

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The Europeans took Black Native Americans and made them slaves. Black Native Americans lived on the prime farming lands of New England, the Southeast and the Midwest.

The first slaves in the United States were Black Native Americans. Whites forced over 100,000 Native Americans to cultivate tobacco, rice, and indigo. As a result,many Black Native Americans were exterminated or sold into slavery after they had wars with the whites or other Indian tribes. Like people in Africa, the Native Americans sold each other into slavery for guns and cheap goods. The whites concentrated on encouraging the Indians to fight each other so they could buy the losing tribal members as slaves. They also kidnapped Native Americans and made them slaves. Because the Black Native Americans were farmers whites concentrated on enslaving Black Native Americans, instead of mongoloid Native Americans who mainly lived in the Southwestern United States.

Black Native Americans who were not sold into slavery had to identify themselves as 'free colored", the same as freed African slaves. This was done by the government to make sure the Black Native Americans would lose their rights to land stolen by the whites. Since most Black Native Americans were sold into slavery or identified as "free colored"they did not mix with whites. The following books talk about the Native American slave trade Gary Zellar, African Creeks: Estelvste and the Creek Nation (2007), James F. Brooks, Captives and Cousins: Slavery, Kinship, and Community in the Southwest Borderlands (2002); Tiya Miles, Ties That Bind: The Story of an Afro-Cherokee Family in Slavery and Freedom (2006); and Theda Purdue, (2005). To learn more about the Black Native Americans you may be interested in my new book: We are not JUST Africans: Black Native Americans. See: https://www.createspace.com/5561411

Check out these great video on how Native Americans look like Afro-Americans.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7cGqu1jgr8E

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QeL1JPBd1-U
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o50HstBDHUs


Enjoy

Monday, June 15, 2015

New Book: We are not JUST Africans: The Black Native Americans






 We Are Not JUST Africans : The Black Native Americans

  by Dr Clyde Winters

We are not JUST Africans, is the title of my new book because Afro-Americans are more than descendants of Sub-Saharan Africans. This book is richly illustrated with colorful pictures of the Black Native Americans. It provides a history of BNAs from 12,000 BC, up to the present. Learn about the various BNA tribes and their culture, and how the Native American slave trade in New England and the Southeast led to the extermination and decline of Black Native Americans in the United States.

Order Book at : https://www.createspace.com/5561411

Publication Date:Jun 14 2015ISBN/EAN13:1514360462 / 9781514360460Page Count:186Binding Type:US Trade PaperTrim Size:6" x 9"Language:EnglishColor:Full ColorRelated Categories:History / African American