Saturday, August 16, 2008

Gebel Sheikh Suleiman Inscription



Williams (1987) and Trigger (1980) have failed to discuss the entire inscription on the Gebel Sheikh Suleiman relief. These scholars ignore the Proto-Saharan inscription, and describe only, the relief from left to right as follows: a serekh topped by a falcon looking over a victorious battlefield, sacred bark and a bound prisoner .

In reality we find more than these figures on the Gebel Sheikh Suleiman inscription which appears to date back to the A-Group period of Nubia over 5000 years ago. This is obvious when we examine the photograph of the Gebel Sheikh Suleiman relief.From left to right on this relief we see a falcon on a serekh sign surmounting a house/ palace. In front of this village/ palace scene we see a prisoner bound by Stj bow ( the sign for the Steu).

Facing the prisoner bound by Stj bow ( the sign for the Steu). Facing the prisoner bound by the stj sign we see a bird over a circle with the letter X inside. Besides this scene we have another bird setting a top the letter X within the circle sign facing a victorious battle scene which includes a man bound to a sacred bark. Over the sacred bark we find 21 Proto-Saharan signs. These signs agree with the Egyptian pottery symbols (see figure 3).

The Gebel Sheikh Suleiman inscription is an obituary written about a king called Fe .As noted above Homburger found that the Manding languages are closely related to the Coptic language. Using the Manding language we can read the Gebel Sheikh Suleiman inscription.

Reading from right to left we read:

1. i gba lu2. fe kye nde

2 1/2. ka i lu

3. fe fe tu

4. be yu su (su su) tu

5. su se lu gbe

6. po gbe tu

Below is the translation of the Gebel Sheikh Suleiman inscription:
"1. Thou family habitation, hold (it) upright. 2. Fe's estate (is on) the shore (of the watercourse). 2 1/2. Cut thou (sepulchre) habitation for the family (here). 3. Fe preferred to be obedient to the order. 4. Lay low the (celebrity) in the large hemisphere tomb (and) offer up libations that merit upright virtue.6. Pure righteousness (is) King (Fe).

"This King Fe, of Gebel Sheikh Suleiman, may relate to Pharoah Pe-Hor (Throne of Horus) since in African languages /f/ and /p/ are often interchangeable. It is interesting to note that there is an inscription on a storage jar from Cemetery L of Qustul, Nubia that reads Pe-Hor (Williams 1987, p. 164). This Pe-Hor may be the Fe, of the Gebel Sheikh Suleiman inscription.




References:

Trigger, B G.(1980) Nubia Under the Pharoahs, Boulder,Colorado: Westview Press .

Williams, B The A-Group Royal Cemetery at Qustul: Cemetery L, Chicago:Oriental Institute University of Chicago, 1987.

4 comments:

Maria Amelia DiasdaCosta said...


Good morning Dr. Clyde Winters,
I came from Brazil, I can speak German and vertehen Spanish, but no English
but forgive, I use translator provided by Google.
My research on African history has thrust me into your sher good text to over Nubia, but that was the fact that I wanted habem for information that convinced me historical sources about Africa, African cultural value seeking. Many I have read again and again and judge the allegations do not convince me, anyway, the many contradictions either.
Your text brings me much closer to my beliefs about the true story of the African past.
My concern with the future generation of African descent is high mortality of young blacks in Brazil and the lack of opportunities for African descendants of the black color is huge.
In my blog are texts for people confront contemporary situation.
The sadness is that the majority of these people, no matter which age do not know the real story, and the probability that this generation remains of this knowledge is high.
To work better, more information is needed. My little possibility are, nevertheless deepen the research is the goal
how our country treats us
The consequence is straight and what is taught us how our ancient history, as history had gone another must be shown to us to re-evaluate and give further on our descendetes how really was our prehistory.
I would say a lot about my country, how our country treats us, to examples our government has canceled the financing funds for African culture.
I am a teacher, although at the time of exercise of my profession not, I collect info for a little history and like me will deepen in Afrikan history, prehistory and contemporary.
All help is welcome, thanks.
I thank you, and beg apologize for possible errors.
I await a positive response
Good weekend
Hugs
My blog
http://mcglobais-cforum.blogspot.de/
My E-mail
mel.ddc96@gmail.com

Maria Amelia DiasdaCosta said...

Good morning Dr. Clyde Winters,
I came from Brazil, I can speak German and vertehen Spanish, but no English
but forgive, I use translator provided by Google.
My research on African history has thrust me into your sher good text to over Nubia, but that was the fact that I wanted habem for information that convinced me historical sources about Africa, African cultural value seeking. Many I have read again and again and judge the allegations do not convince me, anyway, the many contradictions either.
Your text brings me much closer to my beliefs about the true story of the African past.
My concern with the future generation of African descent is high mortality of young blacks in Brazil and the lack of opportunities for African descendants of the black color is huge.
In my blog are texts for people confront contemporary situation.
The sadness is that the majority of these people, no matter which age do not know the real story, and the probability that this generation remains of this knowledge is high.
To work better, more information is needed. My little possibility are, nevertheless deepen the research is the goal
how our country treats us
The consequence is straight and what is taught us how our ancient history, as history had gone another must be shown to us to re-evaluate and give further on our descendetes how really was our prehistory.
I would say a lot about my country, how our country treats us, to examples our government has canceled the financing funds for African culture.
I am a teacher, although at the time of exercise of my profession not, I collect info for a little history and like me will deepen in Afrikan history, prehistory and contemporary.
All help is welcome, thanks.
I thank you, and beg apologize for possible errors.
I await a positive response
Good weekend
Hugs
My blog
http://mcglobais-cforum.blogspot.de/
My E-mail
mel.ddc96@gmail.com

Maria Amelia DiasdaCosta said...

Good morning Dr. Clyde Winters,
I came from Brazil, I can speak German and vertehen Spanish, but no English
but forgive, I use translator provided by Google.
My research on African history has thrust me into your sher good text to over Nubia, but that was the fact that I wanted habem for information that convinced me historical sources about Africa, African cultural value seeking. Many I have read again and again and judge the allegations do not convince me, anyway, the many contradictions either.
Your text brings me much closer to my beliefs about the true story of the African past.
My concern with the future generation of African descent is high mortality of young blacks in Brazil and the lack of opportunities for African descendants of the black color is huge.
In my blog are texts for people confront contemporary situation.
The sadness is that the majority of these people, no matter which age do not know the real story, and the probability that this generation remains of this knowledge is high.
To work better, more information is needed. My little possibility are, nevertheless deepen the research is the goal
how our country treats us
The consequence is straight and what is taught us how our ancient history, as history had gone another must be shown to us to re-evaluate and give further on our descendetes how really was our prehistory.
I would say a lot about my country, how our country treats us, to examples our government has canceled the financing funds for African culture.
I am a teacher, although at the time of exercise of my profession not, I collect info for a little history and like me will deepen in Afrikan history, prehistory and contemporary.
All help is welcome, thanks.
I thank you, and beg apologize for possible errors.
I await a positive response
Good weekend
Hugs
My blog
http://mcglobais-cforum.blogspot.de/
My E-mail
mel.ddc96@gmail.com

Michael Cooper said...

very interesting.