Friday, November 17, 2017

Kumarinadu the Great Dravidian Empire in the Indian Ocean



     In ancient times there was a large Island the Indian Ocean called Kumarinadu. Kamarinadu  or Kumari-Kandam  formerly existed as a large Island in the India ocean which connected India with East Africa. The name "Kumari Kandam" first appear in Kanda Puranam, a 15th century Tamil version of the Skanda Purana, written by Kachiappa Sivacharyara (1350-1420). Some researchers claim that Kumari Kandam is actually a derivative of the Sanskrit words "Kumarika Khanda".



In 1903, V.G. Suryanarayana Sastri first used the term "Kumarinatu" (or "Kumari Nadu", meaning "Kumari territory") in his work Tamil Moliyin Varalaru (History of the Tamil language). The term Kumari Kandam ("Kumari continent") was first used to describe Lemuria in the 1930s.




 This landmass is mentioned in the Silappadikaram, which said that Kamarinadu was made up of seven nadus or regions. The Dravdian scholars Adiyarkunallar and Nachinaar wrote about the ancient principalities of Tamilaham, which existed on Kamarinadu.






    Kumarinadu was ruled by the Pandyans/Pandians at Madurai  before it sunk beneath the sea. The greatest king of Kumarinadu was Sengoon. According to Dravidian scholars tha Pandyans worshipped the goddess Kumari Amman. This Aman, probably corresponds to the ancient god Amon of the  Kushites.



 The Kalittokai 104, makes it clear that after the Pandyans were forced to migrate off their Island home into South India, “to compensate for the area lost to the great waves of the sea, King Pandia without tiresome moved to the other countries and won them. Removing the emblems of tiger (Cholas) and bow (Cheras) he, in their place inscribed his reputed emblem fish (Pandia’s) and valiantly made his enemies bow to him”.

  


     The mention of the fish emblem indicates the African origin of the Pandyans. The Proto-Saharans claimed that their great ancestor was Ma and that they belonged to the Ma (fish) clan. Fish tails were a common feature of the Egyptians, Elamites, Sumerians and Dravidians.

  


    

         The common god of the fish cult was the man-fish (of Eridu) in Mesopotamia and Syria , and the ithyphallic forms of Min, a proto-type of Amon (Amman) in Egypt, the goddess Minaaksi of Madura, Amma of the Dogon, the goddess of the fish eyes, the Malabar fish bearer of Maana ; and the sacred fishes of the Maapilla of the West coast of the Dekkan. At ancient Adulis, the Greeks claimed that the fish worshippers were called Icthyophagi or Poseidon.

      In fact the first kings of these people used the consonants MNS, in the term used for king: Menes, King Aha of Egypt, Mannan of the Dravidians, and the  Mansa of the Mande speaking people. The descendants of Ma, include this name in their ethnonyms: Mande= “the children of Ma”. And in Kannada, Tlugu and Tulu, the word Mandi= “people”.


       The Pandyans who probably spoke Malayalam, were worshippers of Posidon or Potidan of the Greeks. Just as the Kalittokai, mentioned that the totem of Pandia was the Fish, we find that Africans in areas ajoining the former lands associated with Kumarinadu also worshipped the Fish. As a result in ancient times Nubia and modern Ethiopia was called Poseidonia due to their worship of Poseidon the god of the sea and the mountains.



The major god worshipped by the Pandyans and East Africans is Murugan, the god of the mountains. This mountain god of the Dravidians: Murugan, has the same name among 25 east African ethnic groups.
      
     The Greek god Posidon of the East Africans parallels the Dravidian god Siva. The god Siva is sometimes referred to as the “Great Fish” and represented by Fish signs. In addition, throughout Tamilnadu, tridents are associated with temples dedicated to the worship of Siva. The trident was also associated with Siva.


    The final Dravidian speaking people to enter South India were the Tamil. The Tamil, who were early Kings of Shang China, were forced out of China by the Zhou dynast and other contemporary mongoloid groups, across Southeast Asia and Tibet into India. These people defeated the Pandyans , Cholas and Cheras and became the dominant group in South India.

    In Summary , Dravidian literature makes it clear that the Dravidian people came to South India from the North, South and East. These people took away the South from the Naga (ancient Ethiopians), who along with the Dravidians worshipped the gods Amon and Murugan. Moreover, it was the Ethiopians who probably introduced Sanskrit writing to the Indians. It is due to this history of Dravidian speaking people that explains the close, genetic unity between the language and cultures of the people.

  

   

1 comment:

Radhika said...

Do you have any citations?