There is no evidence that the Olmec existed in Mexico before 1200-1100 BC.
The archaeological evidence suggest that
the Olmec "miraculously appear on American soil".
Some researchers claim
that I am wrongly ruling out an “indigenous revolution” for the origin of the
Olmec civilization. This is their opinion—the archaeological evidence, not I,
suggest that the founders of the Olmec civilization were not “indigenous”
In the Olmec World: Ritual and Rulership (1995), (ed.)
by Carolyn Tate, on page 65, we find the following statement”Olmec culture as
far as we know seems to have no antecedents; no material models remain for its
monumental constructions and sculptures and the ritual acts captured in small
M. Coe, writing in Regional Perspective on the Olmecs
(1989), (ed.) by Sharer and Grove, observed that “ on the contrary, the evidence
although negative, is that the Olmec style of art, and Olmec engineering ability
suddenly appeared full fledged from about 1200 BC”.
Mary E. Pye,
writing in Olmec Archaeology in Mesoamerica (2000), (ed.) by J.E. Cark
and M.E. Pye,makes it clear after a discussion of the pre-Olmec civilizations of
the Mokaya tradition, that these cultures contributed nothing to the rise of the
Olmec culture. Pye wrote “The Mokaya appear to have gradually come under Olmec
influence during Cherla times and to have adopted Olmec ways. We use the term
olmecization to describe the processes whereby independent groups tried to
become Olmecs, or to become like the Olmecs” (p.234). Pye makes it clear that it
was around 1200 BC that Olmec civilization rose in Mesoamerica. She continues
“Much of the current debate about the Olmecs concerns the traditional mother
culture view. For us this is still a primary issue. Our data from the Pacific
coast show that the mother culture idea is still viable in terms of cultural
practices. The early Olmecs created the first civilization in Mesoamerica; they
had no peers, only contemporaries” (pp.245-46).
Richard A. Diehl The
Olmecs:America’s first civilization (2005), wrote “ The identity of these
first Olmecs remains a mystery. Some scholars believe they were Mokaya migrants
from the Pacific coast of Chiapas who brought improved maize strains and
incipient social stratification with them. Others propose that Olmec culture
evolved among the local indigenous populations without significant external
stimulus. I prefer the latter position, but freely admit that we lack sufficient
information on the period before 1500 BC to resolve the issue”
Pool (17-18), in Olmec Archaeology and early MesoAmerica
(2007), argues that continuity exist between the Olmec and pre-Olmec cultures in
Mexico “[even]though Coe now appears to favor an autochthonous origin for Olmec
culture (Diehl & Coe 1995:150), he long held that the Olmec traits appeared
at San Lorenzo rather suddenly during the Chicharras phase (ca 1450-1408
BC) (Coe 1970a:25,32; Coe and Diehl 1980a:150)”.
Pool admits (p.95),
that “this conclusion contrasts markedly with that of the excavators of San
Lorenzo, who reported dramatic change in ceramic type and argued on this
basis for a foreign incursion of Olmecs into Olman (Coe and Diehl 1980a,
The evidence presented by these authors make it clear that
the Olmec introduced a unique culture to Mesoamerica that was adopted by the
Mesoamericans. As these statements make it clear that was no continuity between
pre-Olmec cultures and the Olmec culture.
The Olmec came from Saharan
Africa. They spoke a Mande language. Evidence of this connection comes from
1) both groups used jade (Amazonite) to make their tools.
Amazonite was used in Saharan Africa
It was found at many
sites in the ancient Sahara by archaeologists from the University of Chicago led
by Soreno See:
They made adzes and pendants to name a few items in
2) both groups made large stone heads. Here is an African
head dating back to the same period.
3) The Mande came to Mexico in
boats from the Sahara down the ancient Niger River that formerly emptied in the
Sahara or they could have made their way to the Atlantic Ocean down the Senegal
Olmec writing points back to a Mande origin in Africa.
skeletons that are African.
6) Similar white, and red-and-black
7) Introduction to Meso-America of the 13 month 20 day calendar.
adoption of the Mande term for writing.
9)Mande religious and culture
terms adopted by Mayan people.
10) The Olmec called themselves :Xi (Shi)
Check out my video on the name for the