Thursday, March 23, 2017

Rig Veda Proves the Aryan Invasion Theory (AIT) is not a Myth

The population of India is divided into two major populations: Ancient North Indians (ANI) and Ancient South Indians (ASI). The ANI live in North India and speak predominantly Indo-Arya languages. The ASI live is South India and speak  Dravidian languages.
  • The ANI Indo-Aryan speakers did not come into India peacefully, the Rig Veda supports the Aryan Invasion Theory

  • Image result for indo-Aryan warriors
  • Firstly, the Vedas talk about wars in North India between the Vedic and non-Vedic people who lived in pura or tripura (walled cities or forts). The Vedas make it clear that the Aryans invaded India.

    Thusly, Indra was called the puramdar “fort destroyer. There is nothing in the vedic literature that refers to South India.

    The term dasa referred to people, not spiritual matters as you alledge. In Ralph T.H. Griffth (trs) Rig Veda (1896) of Book 2 hymn X1:18 we read “Thou hast disclosed the light to light the Arya; on they left hand, O indra, sank the Dasyu. [19] May we gain wealth, subduing with thou succour and the Aryas, all our foes, the Dasyus”. This makes it clear the Arya/Vedic people were attacking the Dasa/ Dasyus to steal their wealth and legacy. The presence of Indo-Aryan speakers in the North illustrates their success.


    The name for cities, the term used in the Rigveda is pur, meaning a 'rampart', 'fort' or 'stronghold' ….. Indra, the Aryan god, is puramdar, 'fort destroyer'…. In brief, 'he rends forts as age consumes a garment'.


    In the Rig Veda, tr. by Ralph T.H. Griffith, [1896], at sacred-texts.com, provides many verses showing that the Aryans came into India in a violent manner.


    17 The Vārṣāgiras unto thee, O Indra, the Mighty One, sing forth this laud to please thee,
    Ṛjrāśva with his fellows, Ambarīṣa, Surādhas, Sahadeva, Bhayamāna.
    18 He, much invoked, hath slain Dasyus and Śimyus, after his wont, and laid them low with arrows.
    The mighty Thunderer with his fair-complexioned friends won the land, the sunlight, and the waters.
    19 May Indra evermore be our protector, and unimperilled may we win the booty.
    This prayer of ours may Varuṇa grant, and Mitra, and Aditi and Sindhu, Earth and Heaven.
    HYMN C. Indra.


    5 He who is Lord of all the world that moves and breathes, who for the Brahman first before all found the Cows; Indra who cast the Dasyus down beneath his feet,—him girt by Maruts we invoke to be our Friend.


    HYMN CIII. Indra.
    1. THAT highest Indra-power of thine is distant: that which is here sages possessed aforetime.
    This one is on the earth, in heaven the other, and both unite as flag with flag in battle.
    2 He spread the wide earth out and firmly fixed it, smote with his thunderbolt and loosed the waters.
    Maghavan with his puissance struck down Ahi, rent Rauhiṇa to death and slaughtered Vyaṁsa.
    armed with his bolt and trusting in his prowess he wandered shattering the forts of Dāsas.t thy dart, knowing, Thunderer, at the Dasyu; increase the Ārya's might and glory, Indra.
    4 For him who thus hath taught these human races, Maghavan, bearing a fame-worthy title,
    Thunderer, drawing nigh to slay the Dasyus, hath given himself the name of Son for glory.
    5 See this abundant wealth that he possesses, and put your trust in Indra's hero vigour.
    He found the cattle, and he found the horses, he found the plants, the forests and the waters.
    6 To him the truly strong, whose deeds are many, to him the strong Bull let us pour the Soma.
    The Hero, watching like a thief in ambush, goes parting the possessions of the godless.
    7 Well didst thou do that hero deed, O Indra, in waking with thy bolt the slumbering Ahi.
    in thee, delighted, Dames divine rejoiced them, the flying Maruts and all Gods were joyful.
    8 As thou hast smitten Śuṣṇa, Pipru, Vṛtra and Kuyava, and Śambara's forts, O Indra.
    This prayer of ours may Varuṇa grant, and Mitra, and Aditi and Sindhu, Earth and Heaven.

    Image result for indo-Aryan warriors

    HYMN CXXX. Indra.
    1. Come to us, Indra, from afar, conducting us even as a lord of heroes to the gatherings, home, like a King, his heroes' lord.
    We come with gifts of pleasant food, with juice poured forth, invoking thee,
    As sons invite a sire, that thou mayst get thee strength thee, bounteousest, to get thee strength.
    2 O Indra, drink the Soma juice pressed out with stones. poured from the reservoir, as an ox drinks the spring, a very thirsty bull the spring.
    For the sweet draught that gladdens thee, for mightiest freshening of thy strength.
    Let thy Bay Horses bring thee hither as the Sun, as every day they bring the Sun.
    3 He found the treasure brought from heaven that lay concealed, close-hidden, like the nestling of a bird, in rock, enclosed in never-ending rock.
    Best Aṅgiras, bolt-armed, he strove to win, as ’twere, the stall of kine;
    So Indra hath disclosed the food concealed, disclosed the doors, the food that lay concealed.
    4 Grasping his thunderbolt with both hands, Indra made its edge most keen, for hurling, like a carving-knife for Ahi's slaughter made it keen.
    Endued with majesty and strength, O Indra, and with lordly might,
    Thou crashest down the trees, as when a craftsman fells, crashest them down as with an axe.
    5 Thou, Indra, without effort hast let loose the floods to run their free course down,
    like chariots, to the sea, like chariots showing forth their strength.
    They, reaching hence away, have joined their strength for one eternal end,
    Even as the cows who poured forth every thing for man, Yea, poured forth all things for mankind.
    6 Eager for riches, men have formed for thee this song, like as a skilful craftsman fashioneth a car, so have they wrought thee to their bliss;
    Adorning thee, O Singer, like a generous steed for deeds of might,
    Yea, like a steed to show his strength and win the prize, that he may bear each prize away.
    7 For Pūru thou hast shattered, Indra ninety forts, for Divodāsa thy boon servant with thy bolt, O Dancer, for thy worshipper.
    For Atithigva he, the Strong, brought Śambara. from the mountain down,
    Distributing the mighty treasures with his strength, parting all treasures with his strength.
    8 Indra in battles help his Āryan worshipper, he who hath hundred helps at hand in every fray, in frays that win the light of heaven.
    Plaguing the lawless he gave up to Manu's seed the dusky skin;
    Blazing, ’twere, he burns each covetous man away, he burns, the tyrannous away.
    9 Waxed strong in might at dawn he tore the Sun's wheel off. Bright red, he steals away their speech, the Lord of Power, their speech he steals away from them,
    As thou with eager speed, O Sage, hast come from far away to help,
    As winning for thine own all happiness of men, winning all happiness each day.
    10 Lauded with our new hymns, O vigorous in deed, save us with strengthening help, thou Shatterer of the Forts!
    Thou, Indra, praised by Divodāsa's clansmen, as heaven grows great with days, shalt wax in glory.

    BOOK 2
    HYMN XI. Indra.
    1. HEAR thou my call, O Indra; be not heedless: thine may we be for thee to give us treasures;
    For these presented viands, seeking riches, increase thy strength like streams of water flowing.
    2 Floods great and many, compassed by the Dragon, thou badest swell and settest free, O Hero.
    Strengthened by songs of praise thou rentest piecemeal the Dāsa, him who deemed himself immortal.
    3 For, Hero, in the lauds wherein thou joyedst, in hymns of praise, O Indra, songs of Rudras,
    These streams in which is thy delight approach thee, even as the brilliant ones draw near to Vāyu.
    4 We who add strength to thine own splendid vigour, laying within thine arms the splendid thunder—
    With us mayst thou, O Indra, waxen splendid, with Sūrya overcome the Dāsa races.
    5 Hero, thou slewest in thy valour Ahi concealed in depths, mysterious, great enchanter,
    Dwelling enveloped deep within the waters, him who checked heaven and stayed the floods from flowing.
    6 Indra, we laud thy great deeds wrought aforetime, we laud thine exploits later of achievement;
    We laud the bolt that in thine arms lies eager; we laud thy two Bay Steeds, heralds of Sūrya.
    7 Indra, thy Bay Steeds showing forth their vigour have sent a loud cry out that droppeth fatness.
    The earth hath spread herself in all her fulness: the cloud that was about to move hath rested.
    8 Down, never ceasing, hath the rain-cloud settled: bellowing, it hath wandered with the Mothers.
    Swelling the roar in the far distant limits, they have spread wide the blast sent forth by Indra.
    9 Indra hath hurled down the magician Vṛtra who lay beleaguering the mighty river.
    Then both the heaven and earth trembled in terror at the strong Hero's thunder when he bellowed.
    10 Loud roared the mighty Hero's bolt of thunder, when he, the Friend of man, burnt up the monster,
    And, having drunk his fill of flowing Soma, baffled the guileful Dānava's devices.
    11 Drink thou, O Hero Indra, drink the Soma; let the joy-giving juices make thee joyful.
    They, filling both thy flanks, shall swell thy vigour. The juice that satisfies hath helped Indra.
    12 Singers have we become with thee, O Indra: may we serve duly and prepare devotion.
    Seeking thy help we meditate thy praises: may we at once enjoy thy gift of riches.
    13 May we be thine, such by thy help, O Indra, as swell thy vigour while they seek thy favour.
    Give us, thou God, the riches that we long for, most powerful, with stare of noble children.
    14 Give us a friend, give us an habitation; Indra, give us the company of Maruts,
    And those whose minds accord with theirs, the Vāyus, who drink the first libation of the Soma.
    15 Let those enjoy in whom thou art delighted. Indra, drink Soma for thy strength and gladness.
    Thou hast exalted us to heaven, Preserver, in battles, through the lofty hymns that praise thee.
    16 Great, verily, are they, O thou Protector, who by their songs of praise have won the blessing.
    They who strew sacred grass to be thy dwelling, helped by thee have got them strength, O Indra.
    17 Upon the great Trikadruka days, Hero, rejoicing thee, O Indra, drink the Soma.
    Come with Bay Steeds to drink of libation, shaking the drops from out thy beard, contented.
    Hero, assume the might wherewith thou clavest Vṛtra piecemeal, the Dānava Aurṇavābha.
    Thou hast disclosed the light to light the Ārya: on thy left hand, O Indra, sank the Dasyu.
    19 May we gain wealth, subduing with thy succour and with the Ārya, all our foes, the Dasyus.

    2. gain was that to Tṛta of our party thou gavest up Tvaṣṭar's son Viśvarūpa.
    20 He cast down Arbuda what time his vigour was strengthened by libations poured by Tṛta.
    Indra sent forth his whirling wheel like Sūrya, and aided by the Aṅgirases rent Vala.
    21 Now let that wealthy Cow of thine, O Indra, yield in return a boon to him who lauds thee.
    Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. Loud may we speak, with brave men, in the assembly.

    HYMN XX. Indra.
    1. As one brings forth his car when fain for combat, so bring we power to thee—regard us, Indra—
    Well skilled in song, thoughtful in spirit, seeking great bliss from one like thee amid the Heroes.
    2 Indra, thou art our own with thy protection, a guardian near to men who love thee truly,
    Active art thou, the liberal man's defender, his who draws near to thee with right devotion.
    3 May Indra, called with solemn invocations. the young, the Friend, be men's auspicious keeper,
    One who will further with his aid the singer, the toiler, praiser, dresser of oblations.
    4 With laud and song let me extol that Indra in whom of old men prospered and were mighty.
    May he, implored, fulfil the prayer for plenty of him who worships, of the living mortal.
    5 He, Indra whom the Aṅgirases' praise delighted, strengthened their prayer and made their goings prosper.
    Stealing away the mornings with the sunlight, he, lauded, crushed even Aśna's ancient powers.
    2.
    3. He verily, the God, the glorious Indra, hath raised him up for man, best Wonder-Worker.
    He, self-reliant, mighty and triumphant, brought low the dear head of the wicked Dāsa.
    7 Indra the Vṛtra-slayer, Fort-destroyer, scattered the Dāsa hosts who dwelt in darkness.For men hath he created earth and waters, and ever helped the prayer of him who worships.
    8 To him in might the Gods have ever yielded, to Indra in the tumult of the battle.
    When in his arms they laid the bolt, he slaughtered the Dasyus and cast down their forts of iron.
    9 Now may that wealthy Cow of thine, O Indra, give in return a boon to him who lauds thee.

    Give to thy praisers: let not fortune fail us. Loud may we speak, with heroes, in assembly.


    BOOK 3

    HYMN XXXI. Indra.
    1. WISE, teaching, following the thought of Order, the sonless gained a grandson from his daughter.
    Fain, as a sire, to see his child prolific, he sped to meet her with an eager spirit.
    2 The Son left not his portion to the brother, he made a home to hold him who should gain, it.
    What time his Parents gave the Priest his being, of the good pair one acted, one promoted.
    3 Agni was born trembling with tongue that flickered, so that the Red's great children should be honoured.
    Great is their germ, that born of them is mighty, great the Bays' Lord's approach through sacrifices.
    4 Conquering bands upon the Warrior waited: they recognized great light from out the darkness.
    The conscious Dawns went forth to meet his coming, and the sole Master of the kine was Indra.
    5 The sages freed them from their firmbuilt prison: the seven priests drove them forward with their spirit.
    All holy Order's pathway they discovered he, full of knowledge, shared these deeds through worship.
    6 When Saramā had found the mountain's fissure, that vast and ancient place she plundered thoroughly.
    In the floods' van she led them forth, light-footed: she who well knew came first unto their lowing.
    7 Longing for friendship came the noblest singer: the hill poured forth its treasure for the pious.
    The Hero with young followers fought and conquered, and straightway Aṅgiras was singing praises,
    8 Peer of each noble thing, yea, all excelling, all creatures doth he know, he slayeth Śuṣṇa.
    Our leader, fain for war, singing from heaven, as Friend he saved his lovers from dishonour.
    9 They sate them down with spirit fain for booty, making with hymns a way to life eternal.
    And this is still their place of frequent session, whereby they sought to gain the months through Order.
    10 Drawing the milk of ancient seed prolific, they joyed as they beheld their own possession.
    Their shout of triumph heated earth and heaven. When the kine showed, they bade the heroes rouse them.
    11 Indra drove forth the kine, that Vṛtra-slayer, while hymns of praise rose up and gifts were offered.
    For him the Cow, noble and far-extending, poured pleasant juices, bringing oil and sweetness.
    12 They made a mansion for their Father, deftly provided him a great and glorious dwelling;
    With firm support parted and stayed the Parents, and, sitting, fixed him there erected, mighty.
    13 What time the ample chalice had impelled him, swift waxing, vast, to pierce the earth and heaven,—
    Him in whom blameless songs are all united: all powers invincible belong to Indra.
    14 I crave thy powers, I crave thy mighty friendship: full many a team goes to the Vṛtra-slayer.
    Great is the laud, we seek the Princes' favour. Be thou, O Maghavan, our guard and keeper.
    15 He, having found great, splendid, rich dominion, sent life and motion to his friends and lovers.
    Indra who shone together with the Heroes begot the song, the fire, and Sun and Morning.
    16 Vast, the House-Friend, he set the waters flowing, all-lucid, widely spread, that move together.
    By the wise cleansings of the meath made holy, through days, and nights they speed the swift streams onward.
    17 To thee proceed the dark, the treasure-holders, both of them sanctified by Sūrya's bounty.
    The while thy ovely storming Friends, O Indra, fail to attain the measure of thy greatness.
    18 Be Lord of joyous songs, O Vṛtra-slayer, Bull dear to all, who gives the power of living.
    Come unto us with thine auspicious friendship, hastening, Mighty One, with mighty succours.
    19 Like Aṅgiras I honour him with worship, and renovate old song for him the Ancient.
    Chase thou the many godless evil creatures, and give us, Maghavan, heaven's light to help me


    20 Far forth are spread the purifying waters convey thou us across them unto safety.
    Save us, our Charioteer, from harm, O Indra, soon, very soon, make us win spoil of cattle.
    21 His kine their Lord hath shown, e’en Vṛtra's slayer, through the black hosts he passed with red attendants.
    Teaching us pleasant things by holy Order, to, us hath he thrown open all his portals.
    22 Call we on Maghavan, auspicious Indra, best Hero in this fight where spoil is gathered.
    The Strong who listens, who gives aid in battles, who slays the Vṛtras, wins and gathers riches.



    HYMN XXXII. Indra
    1. DRINK thou this Soma, Indra, Lord of Soma; drink thou the draught of noonday which thou Iovest.
    Puffing thy cheeks, impetuous, liberal Giver, here loose thy two Bay Horses and rejoice thee.
    2 Quaff it pure, meal-blent, mixt with milk, O Indra; we have poured forth the Soma for thy rapture.
    Knit with the prayer-fulfilling band of Maruts, yea, with the Rudras, drink till thou art sated;
    3 Those who gave increase to thy strength and vigour; the Maruts singing forth thy might, O Indra.
    Drink thou, O fair of cheek, whose hand wields thunder, with Rudras banded, at our noon libation.
    4 They, even the Maruts who were there, excited with song the meath-created strength of Indra.
    By them impelled to act he reached the vitals Of Vṛtra, though he deemed that none might wound him.
    5 Pleased, like a man, with our libation, Indra, drink, for enduring hero might, the Soma.
    Lord of Bays, moved by sacrifice come hither: thou with the Swift Ones stirrest floods and waters.
    6 When thou didst loose the streams to run like racers in the swift contest, having smitten Vṛtra
    With flying weapon where he lay, O Indra, and, godless, kept the Goddesses encompassed.
    7 With reverence let us worship mighty Indra, great and sublime, eternal, everyouthful,
    Whose greatness the dear world-halves have not measured, no, nor conceived the might of him the Holy.
    8 Many are Indra's nobly wrought achievements, and none of all the Gods transgress his statutes.
    He beareth up this earth and heaven, and, doer of marvels, he begot the Sun and Morning.
    9 Herein, O Guileless One, is thy true greatness, that soon as born thou drankest up the Soma.
    Days may not check the power of thee the Mighty, nor the nights, Indra, nor the months, nor autumns.
    10 As soon as thou wast born in highest heaven thou drankest Soma to delight thee, Indra;
    And when thou hadst pervaded earth and heaven thou wast the first supporter of the singer.
    11 Thou, puissant God, more mighty, slewest. Ahi showing his strength when couched around the waters.
    The heaven itself attained not to thy greatness when with one hip of thine the earth was shadowed.
    12 Sacrifice, Indra, made thee wax so mighty, the dear oblation with the flowing Soma.
    O Worshipful, with worship help our worship, for worship helped thy bolt when slaying Ahi.
    13 With sacrifice and wish have I brought Indra; still for new blessings may I turn him hither,
    Him magnified by ancient songs and praises, by lauds of later time and days yet recent.
    14 I have brought forth a song when longing seized me: ere the decisive day will I laud Indra;
    Then may he safely bear us over trouble, as in a ship, when both sides invocate him.
    15 Full is his chalice: Glory! Like a pourer I have filled up the vessel for his drinking.
    Presented on the right, dear Soma juices have brought us Indra, to rejoice him, hither.
    16 Not the deep-flowing flood, O Much-invoked One! not hills that compass thee about restrain thee,

    Once here incited, for thy friends, O Indra, thou breakest e’en the firm built stall of cattle.
    17 Call we on Maghavan, auspicious Indra, best Hero in this fight where spoil is gathered,
    The Strong who listens, who gives aid in battles, who slays the Vṛtras, wins and gathers riches.

    HYMN XXXIV. Indra.
    1. FORT-RENDER, Lord of Wealth, dispelling foemen, Indra with lightnings hath o’ercome the Dāsa.
    Impelled by prayer and waxen great in body, he hath filled earth and heaven, the Bounteous Giver.
    2 I stimulate thy zeal, the Strong, the Hero decking my song of praise forth; Immortal.
    O Indra, thou art equally the Leader of heavenly hosts and human generations.


    Reading, his band Indra encompassed Vṛtra; weak grew the wily leader of enchanters.
    He who burns fierce in forests slaughtered Vyaṁsa, and made the Milch-kine of the nights apparent.
    4 Indra, light-winner, days' Creator, conquered, victorious, hostile bands with those who loved him.
    For man the days' bright ensign he illumined, and found the light for his joy and gladness.
    5 Forward to fiercely falling blows pressed Indra, herolike doing many hero exploits.
    These holy songs he taught the bard who gaised him, and widely spread these Dawns' resplendent colour.

    6 They laud the mighty acts of him the Mighty, the many glorious deeds performed by Indra.
    He in his strength, with all-surpassing prowess, through wondrous arts crushed the malignant Dasyus.


    7 Lord of the brave, Indra who rules the people gave freedom to the Gods by might and battle.
    Wise singers glorify with chanted praises these his achievements in Vivasvān's dwelling.
    8 Excellent, Conqueror, the victory-giver, the winner of the light and Godlike Waters,
    He who hath won this broad earth and this heaven, -in Indra they rejoice who love devotions.

    9 He gained possession of the Sun and Horses, Indra obtained the Cow who feedeth many.
    Treasure of gold he won; he smote the Dasyus, and gave protection to the Āryan colour.
    10 He took the plants and days for his possession; he gained the forest trees and air's mid-region.
    Vala he cleft, and chased away opponents: thus was he tamer of the overweening.
    11 Call we on Maghavan, auspicious Indra, best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered,
    The Strong, who listens, who gives aid in battles, who slays the Vṛtras, wins and gathers treasures.

    HYMN XXXV Indra.
    1. MOUNT the Bay Horses to thy chariot harnessed, and come to us like Vāyu with his coursers.
    Thou, hastening to us, shalt drink the Soma. Hail, Indra. We have poured it for thy rapture.
    2 For him, the God who is invoked by many, the two swift Bay Steeds to the pole I harness,
    That they in fleet course may bring Indra hither, e’en to this sacrifice arranged completely.
    3 Bring the strong Steeds who drink the warm libation, and, Bull of Godlike nature, be thou gracious.
    Let thy Steeds eat; set free thy Tawny Horses, and roasted grain like this consume thou daily.
    4 Those who are yoked by prayer I harness, fleet friendly Bays who take their joy together.
    Mounting thy firm and easy car, O Indra, wise and all-knowing come thou to the Soma.
    5 No other worshippers must stay beside them thy Bays, thy vigorous and smooth-backed Coursers.
    Pass by them all and hasten onward hither: with Soma pressed we will prepare to feast thee.
    6 Thine is this Soma: hasten to approach it. Drink thou thereof, benevolent, and cease not.
    Sit on the sacred grass at this our worship, and take these drops into thy belly, Indra.
    7 The grass is strewn for thee, pressed is the Soma; the grain is ready for thy Bays to feed on.
    To thee who lovest them, the very mighty, strong, girt by Maruts, are these gifts presented.
    8 This the sweet draught, with cows, the men, the mountains, the waters, Indra, have for thee made ready.
    Come, drink thereof, Sublime One, friendly-minded, foreseeing, knowing well the ways thou goest.
    9 The Maruts, they with whom thou sharedst Soma, Indra, who made thee strong and were thine army,—
    With these accordant, eagerly desirous drink thou this Soma with the tongue of Agni.
    10 Drink, Indra, of the juice by thine own nature, or by the tongue of Agni, O thou Holy.
    Accept the sacrificial gift, O Śakra, from the Adhvaryu's hand or from the Hotar's.
    11 Call we on Maghavan, auspicious Indra, best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered,
    The Strong, who listens, who.gives aid in battles, who slays the Vṛtras, wins and gathers riches.


    HYMN XXXIX. Indra.
    1. To Indra from the heart the hymn proceedeth, to him the Lord, recited, built with praises;
    The wakening song sung forth in holy synod: that which is born for thee, O Indra, notice.
    2 Born from the heaven e’en in the days aforetime, wakening, sting aloud in holy synod,
    Auspicious, clad in white and shining raiment, this is the ancient hymn of our forefathers.
    3 The Mother of the Twins hath borne Twin Children: my tongue's tip raised itself and rested silent.
    Killing the darkness at the light's foundation, the Couple newly born attain their beauty.
    4 Not one is found among them, none of mortals, to blame our sires who fought to win the cattle.
    Their strengthener was Indra the Majestic he spread their stalls of kine the Wonder-Worker.
    5 Where as a Friend with friendly men, Navagvas, with heroes, on his knees he sought the cattle.
    There, verily with ten Daśagvas Indra found the Sun lying hidden in the darkness.
    6 Indra found meath collected in the milch-cow, by foot and hoof, in the cow's place of pasture.
    That which lay secret, hidden in the waters, he held in his right hand, the rich rewarder.
    7 He took the light, discerning it from darkness: may we be far removed from all misfortune.
    These songs, O Soma-drinker, cheered by Soma, Indra, accept from thy most zealous poet.
    8 Let there be light through both the worlds for worship: may we be far from most overwhelming evil.
    Great woe comes even from the hostile mortal, piled up; but good at rescue are the Vasus.
    9 Call we on Maghavan, auspicious Indra, best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered,
    The Strong, who listens, who gives aid in battles, who slays the Vṛtras, wins and gathers riches.


    HYMN XLIX. Indra.
    1. GREAT Indra will I laud, in whom all people who drink the Soma have attained their longing;
    Whom, passing wise, Gods, Heaven and Earth, engendered, formed by a Master's hand, to crush the Vṛtras.
    2 Whom, most heroic, borne by Tawny Coursers, verily none subdueth in the battle;
    Who, reaching far, most vigorous, hath shortened the Dasyu's life with Warriors bold of spirit.
    3 Victor in fight, swift mover like a warhorse, pervading both worlds, rainer down of blessings,
    To he invoked in war like Bhaga, Father, as ’twere, of hymns, fair, prompt to hear, strength-giver.
    4 Supporting heaven, the high back of the region, his car is Vāyu with his team of Vasus.
    Illumining the nights, the Sun's creator, like Dhiṣaṇā he deals forth strength and riches.
    5 Call we on Maghavan, auspicious Indra, best Hero in the fight where spoil is gathered;
    The Strong, who listens, who gives aid in battles, who slays the Vṛtras, wins and gathers treasure.



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